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Turn the other cheek?

Let’s make no mistake: weakness is not a virtue.

The inability to retaliate against an oppressive force is not a virtue.

No matter how we may romanticise and anthropomorphize animals, they cannot be virtuous.  A mama bear defending her cub is acting out of instinct, not choice.  They cannot do otherwise.

Only humans with full-spectrum consciousness and the capacity to willingly do harm (i.e., kill), and with the capability of forethought and projection of what it feels like to be hurt, have the capacity to exhibit what we know as virtue.  The skill and capability to rain hellfire and destruction, but choosing noble discretion, control and restraint of that power for the greater good; that’s virtute.

So “good” (or virtue) can only arise in the presence of “evil” (the capacity for mayhem).   Without the latter, you’re just weak and ineffective.  Compassionate, maybe.  Empathetic?  Possibly.  But virtuous?  Not a chance.

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So the quality of virtue can only arise out of a choice and ability to do otherwise.  But then another question arises.  One that I have thought about for quite some time: was Mahatma Gandhi virtuous?  Was Jesus Virtuous?  The Buddha?

And what exactly did Jesus mean when he said, “the meek shall inherit the earth”?

This is something I’ve wrestled with since my youth.  Because if a precondition of “inheriting the earth” is weakness and passivity well, you can have it.

That line of thinking just doesn’t make sense.

That one should avoid developing the strength, skills, and fortitude to be lethal so as to ensure that “turning the other cheek” is the only option available in the face of conflict seems to me an abject absurdity.

And Christianity’s insistence on that ideal was yet another reason for me to keep the doctrine at arm’s length.

Reading the Bible with fresh eyes, and a little hard-earned wisdom

So just to orient where I’m coming from on this: my lifelong relationship with traditional Christianity has been tumultuous, to say the least.  I long ago disavowed myself from the Church because I simply could not abide by the “turn or burn” philosophy.

But that’s not the only issue I had with the Church.  For instance, the idea of an outside party dictating Biblical interpretation for me is a non-starter.  Want to be an equal partner in that interpretation?  That I’m down for.  But I’m not interested in being pressured or swayed to accept one line of “belief”.

So although I saw (and see more and more every day) much Truth in the Biblical text itself, I just couldn’t let go of those pesky sore spots.  I am deeply spiritual, yes.  But I’m also a free and critical thinker.

You could say that Gandhi (virtuous or not) and I were of the same thought, at least in this matter: I like your Christ.  I do not like your Christians.

And if I’m in, I’m all in.  I don’t do half measures.  So although I enjoy the occasional service (and I really dig Rob Bell’s message), I skip the altar call and group-think.

However, I do understand and appreciate Christianity’s underpinning of Western culture.  Like Nietzsche, I believe that without a common narrative, a culture is doomed.  So while the Church corrupted that common narrative (and Nietzsche *railed* against the Church for that reason), he did acknowledge the necessity of a culture’s common story.

And too, he foretold exactly what would happen in the absence of that story: the horrors of Marxism.  A culture with no grounding, no orientation, will attempt to formulate its values own out of thin air.

That’s another story for another time. The punch line though is this: the story ends badly.  Like Soviet Russia and Maoist China badly.

Fundamentalism and “boxed” thinking

Now, it should be said at this point that I shun fundamentalists of all stripes.  That includes religious fundamentalism along with the atheist/scientism crowd.  If a person cannot appreciate and/or differentiate between the two types of “truth” — the factual/linear on the one hand (i.e., 2+2=4; the physics of gravity), and, on the other, the truth that can only be realized through inference and parable — then I just don’t have the patience to engage in discussion.

Although I’m sympathetic to each individual’s capacity to understand (for more on this, see Ken Wilbur’s Integral Theory, and especially his treatment of Spiral Dynamics), I simply choose not to engage.  At least, not on those topics.  Not my monkey, not my circus.  Or, as Robert Heinlein says, “Never attempt to teach a pig to sing; it wastes your time and annoys the pig.”

Now, the reason I’m taking great pains to establish my orientation here is not to ballyhoo my spiritual independence such that it is, but rather to lay the groundwork that my reading of the “meek” passage — and what I’ve learned from it — comes not from a blind belief, but from a critical interpretation.

So while I don’t consider myself a “Christian”, per se, that doesn’t prevent me from gaining wisdom from biblical interpretation.

And, too, I am not an atheist.  Nor do I allow myself to fall into the trap of “scientism”.  The Christian Bible forms the basis of my worldly belief system.  You can say (and I do say) I am a follower of Christ.

But then again, I’m also a follower of Buddha.  And Krishna.  Vishnu and Mohammed.  My go-to, though, is Jesus.  I am a product of the great Western culture, and Jesus speaks Truth to me in a way that I can understand.

So that said, I’ve never stopped reading the Bible.  Even when I was most disgruntled with the Church, or irritated with someone who was trying desperately to “save my soul”.

Note: I’m quite sure I’ve inspired a Christian blog or three about the perils of “teaching pigs to sing”, lol…

So I read the Bible for the wisdom infused therein.  A wisdom that can only be absorbed if one considers the writing not as an attempt to document factual occurrences, but as an attempt to convey a Truth that lay outside of the purview of documentable fact.  Much in the same way as mythology is written.  And as it’s intended to be read.  And so I read the Bible as though it were “eastern” commentary.  As if it were both (and at the same time) Taoist and Jungian philosophy.  I don’t have to “believe” anything.   Buddha never asked his followers to believe.  He simply challenged them to try it for themselves.

I think that Jesus’ message was the same.

The meek shall inherit the earth?

“Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth” (Matthew 5:5)

So back to the question at hand.  Could we consider Jesus virtuous given my criteria at the beginning of this piece?

And more to the point, what the hell does Matthew 5:5 actually mean?  What was its original intent?  Along with all the other references to “meek” or “turn the other cheek” in the Bible (and there are many).  I’ve struggled with this question for quite a long time because it just didn’t make sense. How could being weak, timid, fragile, unwilling and unable to confront in any circumstance lead to a good outcome?  We should just roll over as our oppressors advance?

This for me was a major issue.  Because if this were true, I’d have to rethink my regard for biblical text as a whole.

In the game of life, the Universe pitches no “coincidences”

Peterson

Don’t know who Jordan Peterson is?  Well, half the internet these days is afire either loving or hating on him, so I won’t go into a detailed bio here.  For something short and to the point, check this out.

Jordan Peterson came onto my radar after a particularly tough Ayahuasca retreat last spring.  In that retreat, I was confronted with many shadow aspects of myself that I was absolutely shocked, horrified (and in some cases, repulsed) by.  One by one I sat and made peace with (integrated, in a Jungian sense) these aspects of myself.  I won’t belabor the point here (it’s a story in its own right), but it was grueling and, at times, terrifying work.

One of those shadow aspects though was particularly troubling.  It was the capacity to, with no remorse whatsoever, rain death and hellfire upon the world.  And although I’ve dealt with the “sitting with fear” thing often in ceremony (see this post: Inviting Your Worst Fears to Meet You for a Cup of Coffee), this was on an entirely new level of shitstorm.  This wasn’t just an outside fear (being in some way imprisoned or incapacitated is my greatest fear), but a resident “evil”.  An evil that was already part of my very fiber, a parasite of sorts that I had to deal with.

And the only way to “deal with it”, I’ve found, is to accept it.  For those of us in the West, this is Jungian shadow work, 101.  But it’s also deeply ingrained in Buddhist philosophy and, as we’ll delve into below, it’s what Jesus was trying to impart, by action and parable, to his followers.

But I’m getting ahead of myself, here; let’s tap the breaks a bit…

So I’m not even a week back from that particular retreat — still fresh in the what-the-natural-fuck? of the integration process that is so indicative of a transformational run of ceremonies — when my good friend and Efficient Exercise trainer, Chris Brever, introduces me to Peterson’s “free speech” work.

And from there, it didn’t take me long to find his biblical commentary and, specifically, his commentary on the meek shall inherit the earth.

So back to the original question.  What the hell was Jesus actually saying here?

Well, answering this is not nearly as “easy” as determining if that’s, in fact, a correct translation.  Although that is for sure an important first step.  And for this, BibleHub.com is a nice starting point.  Because, yeah… if the word “meek” carried a different definition in Jesus’ day, we’d need to know that in order to interpret his teachings properly.

And as well, the quality of meekness is brought up many times throughout the Bible, so getting the definition right is important if we’re to use it as a source of wisdom in today’s world.

Sheathed swords… or highly trained implements of war?

Jordan Peterson’s research has led him to the conclusion that the term “meek” is a faulty translation.  That the original intent was a word (or phrase) that meant something more akin to “skilled swordsmen who keep their weapons sheathed”.

Or, and as Joe Rogan mentions in this clip of Jordan Peterson discussing the above:

“it’s better to be a warrior in a garden, than a gardener in war”.

Which, by the way, is a quote by Chinese general, military strategist, writer (The Art of War), and philosopher, Sun Tzu, who lived in the Eastern Zhou period (approximately 500 BC) of ancient China.

Well ok, then.  This is starting to make more sense. The idea of the “noble warrior”, it seems, has been around for a while.  The ability to walk the fine line between chaos and order; holding the line between the two.  The idea has just been lost (or suppressed?).  Opining on whether or not that was intentionally done by the Church is another subject for another time.

 

Warhorses

A deeper dive into the translation from Greek to the King James Version (KJV) of the bible is interesting.  Because, as you might expect, so much hinges on the meaning of one word.

It seems that the word “meek” is a buggered translation.  A poor word choice at best given its modern connotation, as it carries a derogatory sense of craven pandering; cowardice, weak-willed, people-pleasing.

The actual word in question here is the Greek “Praus“, a military term that was used to define a horse trained for battle.

In ancient Greece, wild stallions were captured, assessed, and then broken/trained for riding, racing, or to be worked as beasts of burden.  The cream of the crop were readied for warfare. They retained their fierce spirit, courage, and power, but were disciplined to respond to the slightest cue (tactile or verbal) from their rider.  They were fearless in the face of the mayhem and chaos of all-out warfare.  These specially trained horses were said to have been “meeked”.

To be “meeked” then, was to be taken from a state of wild rebellion and made completely loyal to, and trusting of, one’s master. Not “broken”, mind you, but honed.  To be meeked is to be taken from a state of fearfulness and made unflinchingly courageous in the presence of danger. Some war horses dove from ravines into rivers in pursuit of their quarry. Lord Tennyson depicted such trained horses charging into the face of exploding cannons in his poem, “The Charge of the Light Brigade.”

In his book How Can I Get Through To You? (2002), author Terrence Real describes visiting a remote village of the Maasai tribe in Tanzania. Real asked an assembly of village elders what made a good warrior and a good man. After some discussion, one of the oldest males stood up and said:

“I refuse to tell you what makes a good morani (warrior). But I will tell you what makes a great morani. When the moment calls for fierceness a good morani is very ferocious. And when the moment calls for kindness, a good morani is utterly tender. Now, what makes a great morani is knowing which moment is which!”

That, to me, is as good a definition of “meeked” as there is.

Heal thyself, harden thyself, change the world –

Keith

13 COMMENTS

  1. Keith, glad I read the whole article instead of posting. My fast thinking response was to say “hey there is this guy named Jordan Peterson who has something to say about the translation of meek”.

    Glad slow thinking prevailed and I got to the end before commenting.

    • Ha! Indeed. I’d had this post in queue for a while and Paleo f(x) derailed its publication for quite a while. So yeah, this might be old news to some 😉

      • The concept changed my thinking quite a bit, to say the least. When I heard meek with my modern ears my first thought was “of course, who is easier to control than the meek”.

        This alternate translation of meek as “someone who can whoop you but chooses not to” puts the 5:5 in another universe of meaning.

  2. Inspiring post, Mr Norris. In Sufism, they refer to the inner Jihad, the war against the self. This concept of Meek can get a New Age spin as well. What are the weapons of a 21st century warrior (beside the mind)?

    • Wealth and power (political and otherwise) it seems to me have usurped physical strength and “swordsmanship”. Though in some circles, the latter two still prevail. And I think in healthy societies, the latter two are used as proper “preps” for the “aged alpha’s” stepping into to roles that confer wealth and power from the state.

  3. Really enjoyed that.

    I’m not convinced Jordan Peterson has this one cracked, though. I think what Mark has there is a series of statements, of which this is only one, that he thinks are paradoxical to the ordinary consciousness but that he thinks makes sense from a “higher” vantage point. I don’t know whether I believe him or not. LOL.

    It would have been worth reading for the quote from the Maasai alone. That was a good find, Keith. It reminded me of the view of the medieval knight that C. S. Lewis finds in Malory. I don’t know whether it’s consistent with New Testament views or not, though I suppose it was influenced by them, but at any rate I do suppose some medievals thought like that. I suppose some medievals did, and now I find the Maasai do, or did.

    “The knight is a man of blood and iron, a man familiar with the sight of smashed faces and the ragged stumps of lopped-off limbs; he is also a demure, almost a maidenlike, guest in hall, a gentle, modest, unobtrusive man. He is not a compromise or happy mean between ferocity and meekness; he is fierce to the nth and meek to the nth.”

    • Yes, that seems to be a once common theme. The “gentle warrior”, that is. Of course the meek (as we know the term today) are much easier to control and manipulate, so…

  4. Funny how things work out. I have been reading and thinking about this passage for quite some time. Found your blog through a paleo wormhole and now here I am reading about the beatitudes again. haha.

    The message translation describes it as one that is content and therefor already owns everything they need. Which I think is a cool way to look at it as well. Kind of stoic. Or maybe a little zen.

    I loved reading this.

    I have fought with the religious establishment for what has felt like my entire life. But mostly from the inside.

    Never able to leave and let it go.

    It’s always been Jesus that pulled me back.

    Thanks for writing

    • The universe traffics in serendipity, brother. Things happen as they should.

      Glad you enjoyed the read. And yes – I, too, kept Christianity at arm’s length for so long. But Jesus’s teaching continually pull me back in.

  5. The trouble with the Bible is that it is very much open to personal interpretation and misinterpretation. This is its biggest downfall, and it has resulted in wars and has justified the slave trade. There is just too much ambiguity. Compare it with the Highway Code, the UKs driving handbook. There’s no ambiguity or personal interpretation there, it’s quite simple to understand. Indicating right at a roundabout whilst turning left will usually result in a crash. The other problem with the Bible is the considerable mental gymnastics employed when it becomes patently obvious that a particular passage is too absurd to be taken at face value. There is also too much romanticism and wishful thinking/self-delusion which doesn’t seem to fit with the real world. The age of chivalry belongs in the Middle Ages.

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